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舰船舱室水雾抑爆技术研究进展
Research progress of water mist explosion suppression technology in warship compartment
张国栋1, 侯海量1, 刘贵兵2, 朱锡1
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DOI:
作者单位:1. 海军工程大学 舰船与海洋学院, 湖北 武汉 430033;
2. 中国人民解放军92941部队, 辽宁 葫芦岛 125000
中文关键字:水雾;防护技术;爆炸
英文关键字:spray; protective technology; explosion
中文摘要:在现代海战中,导弹穿舱内爆将对舰船造成严重毁伤,水雾抑爆技术可以有效衰减爆炸威力,成为一种新型的防护技术。本文综述水雾抑爆防护技术研究现状,分析气液两相混合介质中冲击波传播过程,液滴在该过程中发生的破碎、蒸发气化现象及气液两相混合介质对爆炸威力的衰减,简要介绍水雾抑爆系统在国外舰船的使用,从水雾抑爆的理论和实验研究、数值模拟研究及应用上提出发展水雾抑爆技术目前存在的难点并指出接下来应在大模型实验、抑爆机理、双流体模型及多机构合作方面开展工作。
英文摘要:In modern naval warfare, missile penetration implosion will cause serious damage to ships, water mist explosion suppression technology can effectively reduce the explosive power, is becoming a new type of protection technology. The present situation of research on water mist explosion suppression and protection technology is summarized. The technology is evolved from fire protection technology, which can effectively attenuate the explosion power. The propagation process of shock wave in gas-liquid two-phase mixed medium and the breakup of droplets in the process are analyzed. The phenomena of vaporization and the attenuation of explosion power by gas-liquid mixture medium are introduced briefly. The application of water mist explosion suppression system in foreign ships is briefly introduced. The development of water mist explosion suppression theory and experiment, numerical simulation and application are presented. The difficulties of water mist explosion suppression technology are pointed out, and it is pointed out that the following work should be carried out in large model experiment, explosion suppression mechanism, two-fluid model and multi-mechanism cooperation.
2020,42(2): 1-11 收稿日期:2019-06-06
DOI:10.3404/j.issn.1672-7649.2020.02.001
分类号:O344.7
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51479204)
作者简介:张国栋(1993-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为舰船结构抗爆抗冲击
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