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舰船静电场防护技术发展综述
Overview on development of submarine electrostatic field protection technology
张济平, 柳懿, 王向军
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作者单位:海军工程大学 电气工程学院, 湖北 武汉 430033
中文关键字:舰船静电场;阴极保护;静电场防护;牺牲阳极法;外加电流法
英文关键字:submarine electrostatic field; cathodic protection; electrostatic field protection; sacrificial anode technology; impressed current technology
中文摘要:静电场防护已经成为当今舰船科学领域的一项重大课题,直接影响舰船在作战时的隐身性能。本文重点介绍舰船静电场产生的原因及其现状,分析影响舰船静电场的主要因素,给出了降低舰船静电场的方法,并论述目前针对舰船静电场防护的研究进展。主要从舰船自身的设计工艺、舰船的牺牲阳极阴极保护优化、外加电流阴极保护技术优化、外加补偿电流法等方面出发,探讨对舰船静电场防护的方法,最终得出外加补偿电流法是对舰船静电场防护效果最好的结论。
英文摘要:The submarine electrostatic field protection of ships has become a significant issue in the field of ship science research nowadays, which affects the stealth performance of ships in combat directly. This paper introduces the causes and current situation of the ship's submarine electrostatic field, analyzes the critical factors affecting the submarine electrostatic field of ships, gives typical protection methods which decrease the submarine electrostatic field of ships, and introduces the current research status of the submarine electrostatic field protection of ships. This paper focuses on the design process of the ship itself, the sacrificial anode cathodic protection optimization of the ship, the optimization of the impressed current cathodic protection technology, and the external compensatory current method, to protect the submarine electrostatic field of the ship. Finally, the external compensatory current method is the best conclusion for the protection effect of the ship's submarine electrostatic field.
2020,42(4): 13-17 收稿日期:2019-03-17
DOI:10.3404/j.issn.1672-7649.2020.04.003
分类号:TN95
作者简介:张济平(1993-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为电磁环境与防护
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